After studying law at Cologne University and taking his first legal State examination, he went on to become a research assistant at the Seminar für Staatsphilosophie und Rechtspolitik at Cologne University. From 1991 to 1993, he completed his practical legal training at the Regional Court of Cologne and, in 1993, passed his second legal State examination.
In 1977, Hermann Gröhe joined the CDU. From 1983 to 1989 he was chairman of the Neuss district branch of the Junge Union, the youth section of the CDU/CSU; from 1989 to 1994 he chaired the Junge Union Germany. He has served on the CDU Federal Executive Committee from 1990 to 1994 and since October 2009.
Since 1994, Hermann Gröhe has held a seat in the German Bundestag. From 1994 to 1998, he acted as the spokesperson of the “Young Group“ of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group and, from 1998 to 2005, as the spokesperson for human rights and humanitarian assistance of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group in the Bundestag. From September 2001 to November 2009, he chaired the CDU in the Rhine district of Neuss.
From 2005 to 2008, he acted as legal counsel to the CDU/CSU parliamentary group and, from 2006 to 2008 was the spokesperson of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group in the First Committee of Inquiry. At the end of that legislative period, he served one year as a Minister of State to the Federal Chancellor with a portfolio comprising the coordination between the Federal Government and the 16 Laender, cutting red tape, and liaison with the Parliament. From October 2009 to December 2013, he was the CDU Secretary-General.
Hermann Gröhe was appointed Federal Minister of Health on 17th December 2013.